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Who should/should not register in AIRE

Who should register with AIRE:

  • Italian citizens who transfer their residence abroad for periods of over twelve months;
  • Italian citizens born and residing outside of Italy, whose Italian nationality status had been confirmed by the appropriate consular office abroad and whose birth has been registered in Italy with the competent Comune (town hall);
  • Children, of Italian citizens,  whose birth has been registered in Italy at the Comune (town hall);
  • Italian citizens whose residence abroad has been judicially declared ;
  • Italian citizens already registered with AIRE but that have moved from one country to another (i.e. from Edinburgh, Scotland, to London, England). These will still need to register with the new consular office in the new country or consular jurisdiction, which will then inform the Town Hall in Italy about the change.

Who should not register with AIRE:

  • Citizens who move abroad for less than a year;
  • Seasonal workers;
  • Government officials in service abroad, notified to local authorities according to the Vienna Convention of 1961 and 1963 on diplomatic and consular relations;
  • Military personnel in service in facilities and other NATO offices.


Penalties for not registering with the A.I.R.E.:

Citizens interested in registering with the A.I.R.E. must submit their request to the Consulate General no later than 90 days following their change of residence within the consular jurisdiction (Scotland or Northern Ireland). This results in the immediate cancellation from the Register of the Resident Population (Anagrafe della Popolazione Residente, A.P.R.) of the Municipality of origin. Those who, having registration obligations, breach the provisions of Law no. 1228 of 24 December 1954, Law no. 470 of 27 October 1988, and the regulations implementing the aforementioned laws are subject to administrative fines, as provided by Law no. 213 of 30 December 2023. The competent authority for ascertaining and imposing the penalty is the Municipality in whose registry the offender is registered.

The procedure for ascertaining and imposing penalties is governed by Law no. 689 of 24 November 1981, Article 1, according to which “No one may be subjected to administrative penalties except by virtue of a law that came into force before the violation was committed”.